Hebrews


Hebrews
The usage of the OT does not make it clear whether the Hebrews are regarded as an ethnic group. The description is rare. But they are distinguished from Egyptians (Exod. 2:11) and identical with ‘Israelites’ (Exod. 5:1, 3). The Philistines who are alarmed by ‘Hebrews coming out of their holes’ (1 Sam. 14:11) are referring contemptuously to Israelites. There were rules about releasing slaves who were Hebrews (Israelites), reiterated by Jeremiah (Jer. 34:9, 14), some of whom were ‘neighbours and friends’ (34:17) of their owners. Jonah [[➝ Jonah, book of]] pronounces himself a Hebrew (Jonah 1:9) who worships Yahweh. As late as the Maccabean period, Jews are distinguished from foreigners as ‘Hebrews’ (2 Macc. 11:13) and in the NT those Jews who retained the use of Hebrew and Aramaic rather than speaking Greek are called Hebrews (Acts 6:1; Phil. 3:5). Generally, however, from and after the Exile, the people of Judah and Judaea are known as ‘Jews’.

Dictionary of the Bible.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hebrews — (or Hebertes , Eberites , Hebreians , Habiru or Habiri ; Hebrew: עברים or עבריים , Standard unicode|ʿIvrim , unicode|ʿIvriyyim Tiberian unicode|ʿIḇrîm , unicode|ʿIḇriyyîm ) are an ancient people defined as descendants of biblical Patriarch Eber… …   Wikipedia

  • Hebrews — 1 Hebrews 2 Hebrews 3 Hebrews 4 Hebrews 5 Hebrews 6 Hebrews 7 Hebrews 8 Hebrews 9 Hebrews 10 Hebrews 11 Hebrews 12 …   The King James version of the Bible

  • Hebrews — [hē′bro͞oz΄] n. a book of the New Testament, a letter of undetermined authorship to the Hebrews: abbrev. He or Heb …   English World dictionary

  • Hebrews — noun A book of the New Testament of the Bible, the epistle of to the Hebrews. See Also: Heb …   Wiktionary

  • Hebrews — noun 1. the ethnic group claiming descent from Abraham and Isaac (especially from Isaac s son Jacob); the nation whom God chose to receive his revelation and with whom God chose to make a covenant (Exodus 19) • Syn: ↑Israelites • Topics: ↑Old… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Hebrews — noun plural but singular in construction Date: 14th century a theological treatise addressed to early Christians and included as a book in the New Testament see bible table …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Hebrews — /hee broohz/, n. (used with a sing. v.) a book of the New Testament. Abbr.: Heb. * * * …   Universalium

  • Hebrews —    (Acts 6:1) were the Hebrew speaking Jews, as distinguished from those who spoke Greek. (See Greeks.) …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • Hebrews — see Apiru, Moses, Phoenicians, Shabako. Biographical Dictionary of Ancient Egypt by Rosalie and Antony E. David …   Ancient Egypt

  • Hebrews 1 — 1 God, who at sundry times and in divers manners spake in time past unto the fathers by the prophets, 2 Hath in these last days spoken unto us by his Son, whom he hath appointed heir of all things, by whom also he made the worlds; 3 Who being the …   The King James version of the Bible


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